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// Copyright © 2016 Alan A. A. Donovan & Brian W. Kernighan.
// License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

// See page 45.

// (Package doc comment intentionally malformed to demonstrate golint.)
//!+
package popcount

// pc[i] is the population count of i.
var pc [256]byte

func init() {
    for i := range pc {
        pc[i] = pc[i/2] + byte(i&1)
    }
}

// PopCount returns the population count (number of set bits) of x.
func PopCount(x uint64) int {
    return int(pc[byte(x>>(0*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(1*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(2*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(3*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(4*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(5*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(6*8))] +
        pc[byte(x>>(7*8))])
}

//!-